The history of the Yemen stretches back
over 3,000 years, and its unique culture
is still in evidence today in the architecture
of its towns and villages. From about
1000 BC this region of the Southern Arabian
Peninsula was ruled by three successive
civilisations -- Minean, Sabaean and
Himyarite. These three kingdoms all depended
for their wealth on the spice trade.
Aromatics such as myrrh and frankincense
were greatly prized in the ancient civilised
world and were used as part of various
rituals in many cultures, including Egyptian,
Greek and Roman.